How Is It Possible to Have a Purple Eyes?

The world of human genetics holds many wonders, and one of its most intriguing mysteries is eye color. While we're familiar with common colors like brown, blue, and green, a category of eye colors is incredibly rare and fascinating – purple eyes.

Eyes are often the first thing people notice about others. They reveal our emotions and can give away what we're thinking or feeling.

In this article, we'll discuss why they're so rare, what causes them, and the science behind their captivating appearance. Uncover the genetic secrets and unique factors that make purple eyes such a rare and mesmerizing sight.

Short Summary

How Rare Are Violet Or Purple Eyes?

Woman's eye with green eye make-up.
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Violet, or purple eyes, are exceptionally rare. In fact, only a tiny fraction of the world's population has violet or purple eyes. It's estimated that less than 1% of the global population has this type of eye. This level of rarity places them in a category even rarer than some of the more common eye colors, such as brown eyes, blue eyes, green eyes, or gray eyes.

What Causes Natural Purple Eyes?

The concept of purple eyes is often associated with certain conditions and factors that can influence eye color or create the perception of a purplish hue:

Genetics and Genetic Mutations: Eye color is primarily determined by genetics, with different combinations of inherited genes resulting in various eye colors. Blue eyed people often carry recessive traits that can lead to unique eye colors. While true purple eyes are not a naturally occurring eye color, they can occasionally appear due to rare genetic mutations or variations, resulting in captivating and unusual hues like violet, lavender, or blue-gray, especially under specific lighting conditions.

Melanin Levels: Melanin (brown pigment), responsible for eye coloration, plays a key role in determining eye color. Dark brown eyes often have a rich and deep color due to a higher concentration of melanin in the iris, while lower melanin levels lead to lighter eye colors, like blue or green. True purple eyes occur when there's minimal melanin in the iris, allowing light to interact uniquely with the eye's structures and create the perception of purple or violet hues.

Albinism: Albinism is a genetic condition characterized by a lack of skin, hair, and eye pigmentation. While not exactly purple, individuals with albinism may have pale eye colors, including violet or light blue shades. This is due to the absence of melanin in the iris, which allows light reflecting and influences eye color.

Eye Tumor: In rare instances, certain eye tumors, particularly those affecting the iris, can cause changes in eye color, potentially resulting in a purplish hue. However, eye tumors typically do not display symptoms, and changes in eye color are not a common symptom of such tumors.

What Is Alexandria's Genesis?

Alexandria's Genesis, sometimes known as Alexandria syndrome, is a medical myth suggesting that it can lead to the development of purple eyes, among other supposed symptoms. This myth suggests that it may affect Caucasians more frequently, with potential inheritance from multiple genes in other individuals.

It's important to note that no scientific evidence supports the described symptoms of Alexandria's Genesis. According to historical theories, people with this condition are said to have:

However, there is no substantiated evidence for a diagnosis of Alexandria's Genesis. While some medical conditions can alter eye color, no known link exists between these changes and improved physical abilities or the other characteristics described in this myth.

Elizabeth Taylor's Eye Color: Fact And Fiction

Elizabeth Taylor, the iconic actress and beauty, was renowned for her talent and striking appearance, including her captivating eyes. Her eyes were often a subject of fascination and discussion in the media and among her admirers.

While the media often described Elizabeth Taylor's eye color as violet or purple, the reality of her eye color is a bit more nuanced. Her actual eye color was a mesmerizing shade of blue with a hint of lavender. This unique combination of blue with a subtle lavender undertone could sometimes create the illusion of purple, particularly under specific lighting conditions.

The perception of her eyes as purple or violet added to her aura of mystique and allure. Elizabeth Taylor's eyes were a defining feature of her beauty and a testament to the intriguing complexities of eye color and the play of light in creating unique visual effects.

Unusual Eye Colors

Beautiful young woman's eye close-up shot.
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Some individuals with eye colors are less common and often described as unusual or unique. Here's a look at some of these uncommon eye colors:

Hazel Eyes: Hazel eyes are a blend of brown and green, often with hints of gold or amber. They can appear to change color depending on lighting conditions.

Gray Eyes: Gray eyes have a cool, silvery appearance. They can range from a light gray to a deep, smoky gray and are relatively rare.

Amber Eyes: Amber eyes have a warm, golden hue, similar to the color of amber gemstones. They are less common but highly distinctive.

Green Eyes: While green eyes are not as common as brown or blue, they are still more prevalent than some other unusual eye colors. Green eyes can vary in shade from emerald to light green.

Red Eyes: True red eyes, caused by a complete lack of pigmentation, are exceptionally rare. Some conditions, like albinism, can result in red or pinkish-red eyes due to the absence of melanin and blood vessels.

Black Eyes: Black eyes are extremely dark brown, appearing nearly black. They are relatively uncommon but striking in their intensity.

Violet Eyes: Violet eyes are among the rarest and most captivating eye colors. They result from unique genetic variations and are characterized by a purplish hue.


Whether our eyes are common brown, cool blue, or alluring purple, they reflect our uniqueness and the intricate genetic patterns that make each of us a masterpiece. As we view the world through eyes of all colors, we celebrate the profound complexity of life.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can People Actually Have Violet Eyes?

Yes, violet eyes are a real but exceedingly rare eye color. They result from a unique combination of genetics and low melanin levels in the iris, which causes light scattering that creates the violet hue.

How Common Are Brown Eyes?

Brown eyes are the most common eye color worldwide, with a significant portion of the global population having this color. The high prevalence of brown eyes is due to the dominance of genes associated with brown pigmentation in the iris.

How to Have Violet Eyes

While you cannot change your eye color to true violet, you can experiment with colored contact lenses to temporarily change your eye color. These lenses come in various shades, including violet. However, they are not permanent and do not alter your natural eye color.